Ecgberht, King of Wessex primary name: Egbert other name: Ecgberht other name: Egbercht Details individual; ruler; royal/imperial; English; Anglo-Saxon; Male . Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... King, a supreme ruler, sovereign over a nation or a territory, of higher rank than any other secular ruler except an emperor, to whom a king may be subject. … Kent defeated Mercia in battle c. 776 CE under the reign of Egbert II and maintained its independence through the reign of Eahlmund but King Offa of Mercia (r. 757-796 CE) reasserted his power in 785 CE and again took control of the kingdom. Egbert (Ecgberht in Anglo Saxon) king of Wessex (802-39), and the first Saxon king recognized as sovereign of all England . By c. 830 CE, Wessex controlled resources & trade from the south of Britain all the way through to the north. Mark, published on 19 November 2018 under the following license: Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike. Ecgberht (771/775 – 839), also spelled Egbert, Ecgbert, or Ecgbriht, was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. Thank you! In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned … Historian Heather Edwards has suggested that Ealhmund was probably a Kentish royal scion, whose pedigree was forged to give his son Egbert the descent from Cerdic requisite to reigning in Wessex. Scholar C. Warren Hollister credits early Viking raids in the region with the consolidation of Wessex’s power in that both Northumbria and Mercia had been destabilized by the Vikings beginning in c. 793 CE (127). thirty-two surviving coins issued under Ecgberht, king of the West Saxons (802–39), from a mint (or mints) in Wessex. Egbert of Wessex was born circa 769 to Ealhmund of Kent and died 839 of unspecified causes. The Vikings were diverse Scandinavian seafarers from Norway, Sweden... Reign of Eahlmund of Kent, Egbert's probable father. These campaigns were probably encouraged by Dumnonia’s lucrative ports and trade contacts, skill in metalworking, and other resources Egbert would require to enlarge and equip an army. This category has the following 4 subcategories, out of 4 total. 852-874. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Ecbert appreciates that the Roman gods allowed them rule the world and grasps the implications of that notion. His current state is unknown, but is presumed dead along with the rest of his family. Egbert of Wessex dies; succeeded by son Aethelwulf. The historian Roger Collins, for example, refers to him as “the Kentish adventurer”, not a noble or prince, and credits his later prominence in history to “West Saxon propaganda” (196). Scholars who claim Wessex declined in the 830’s CE point to Egbert’s defeat by the Vikings in 836 CE but this was a single loss to a previously unknown opponent and hardly characterizes a decline. Omissions? About Egbert, king of Wessex. $40.00 0 Bids 17h 2m. Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex. Egbert seems to have taken time to assemble his military and resources and then met the Mercian armies and defeated them at the Battle of Ellandun in 825 CE. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/King_Egbert_of_Wessex/. In 815 the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle records that he sent an army to fight the Dumnonia, who ruled an area roughly equivalent to Cornwall. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. Baldred of Kent, client king, deposed by Egbert; Egbert rules Kent with his son Aethelwulf as client king. Egbert, also spelled Ecgberht, or Ecgbryht, (died 839), king of the West Saxons from 802 to 839, who formed around Wessex a kingdom so powerful that it eventually achieved the political unification of England (mid-10th century). During the period when Wiglaf returned as King of Mercia, Sigered is recorded as king of the East Saxons in a lease of land in Hertfordshire dated [829/37] [231] . It’s a Ecgberht of Wessex penny, who reigned … He married Rædburh of Francia in Wessex. Ecgberht; Depiction of Ecgberht from the Genealogical Chronicle of the English Kings, a late 13th-century manuscript in the British Library. His Kentish origin is supported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been called into question by recent scholarship claiming he was originally from Wessex. It is probable that he did engage in duplicity and back-door deals to achieve his ends but in this, he would have been no different than Charlemagne or any other leader, past or present. Ecgberht, King of Wessex. $50.00 0 Bids 3d 14h. King of Wessex; Reign: 802 – 839: Predecessor: Beorhtric: Successor: Æthelwulf: King of Kent; Reign: 825 – 839 : Predecessor: Baldred: Successor: … Sculpture of Charlemagne - Abbey of Saint John at Müstair, by The HISTORY Channel (Copyright, fair use). Wessex had been under Mercia’s control since 785 CE and there are no records of any military activity under the reign of Beorhtric. King Cuthred of Wessex (r. 740-756 CE) had defeated Mercia and elevated Wessex (and so Kent) during his reign but these gains were lost during the reigns of his successors Sigeberht (r. 756-757 CE) and Cynewulf (r. 757-786 CE). fled from his cousin Beorhtric, taking refuge in the court of Charlemagne, returning when Beorhtric died, poisoned by his wife. Baldred was the client-king of Kent under Beornwulf and his loss would have been significant to Mercia. Wiglaf (r. 827-829, 830-839 CE) then took the throne and did his best to retain some form of Mercian autonomy from Wessex. Ecgberht of Wessex Penny December 18, 2020 December 26, 2020 Peter 0 Comments. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership, https://www.britannica.com/biography/Egbert, The Catholic Encyclopedia - Biography of Egbert. $50.00 0 Bids 4d 12h. He has taught history, writing, literature, and philosophy at the college level. See Details. In the 780s Egbert was forced into exile by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Egbert returned and took the throne. Ealhmund's wife is not known, however, he is identified as the father of: Ecgberht, King of Wessex 796-821. Whereupon the men of Kent submitted to him; as did also the inhabitants of Surrey and Sussex, and Essex. 19/05/2020 Dernier match 334-255-1 Record 56.61% Pourcentage de victoire Instead, in c 815 CE, Egbert led his armies west to conquer the region of Dumnonia (modern Cornwall) on his border. Ecgberht was presumed to become King of Northumbria after the death of his father at the hands of Bjorn and his defeat against the Great Heathen Army. His defeat in 836 CE, sometimes attributed to a lack of resources or support from Louis the Pious, could as easily have been caused by lack of preparation and surprise. As king of Wessex, Egbert set about earning his royal spurs. Mark, Joshua J. Throughout the character’s appearance in Vikings, he is routinely depicted as clever, conniving, and untrustworthy which, as noted, has no historical basis but may draw upon supposition concerning his rise to power and consolidation of Wessex. King Æþelwulf of Wessex died on 13th January 858 AD. Wiglaf regains throne of Mercia; asserts Mercian autonomy. Web. This characterization is possibly drawn from the historical Egbert’s initiatives in consolidating his kingdom but is largely fictionalized and without any detailed historical basis. The entry for 838 CE continues: “When he [Egbert] heard this, he proceeded with his army against them and fought with them at Hengeston where he put to flight both”, winning the field and dispersing the enemy. What exactly the Vikings did after the Battle of Charmouth is unknown but there is no doubt they remained in the region because, in 838 CE, they and the army of Dumnonia met Egbert and his army at the Battle of Hingston Down. Fils du roi Ecgberht, il devient le souverain du Kent et des autres royaumes du sud-est de l'Angleterre en 825, après la victoire de son père à la bataille d'Ellendun. Ancient History Encyclopedia. His Kentish origin is supported by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles but has been called into question by recent scholarship claiming he was originally from Wessex. Numerous educational institutions recommend us, including Oxford University and Michigan State University and University of Missouri. Mercia was an autonomous state by 831 CE, operating without regard to Wessex’s interests, but it was nowhere near as powerful as it had been and never would be again. Some never locate a single specimen, whilst luckier searchers achieve their aim. This claim is made by later genealogies, however, which were written by the scribes of Wessex after Egbert had already established himself as a powerful king and so may not be reliable. Ancient History Encyclopedia. He was the second of five sons of King Æthelwulf. The new coin may be described as follows: Obv. The … Nothing is known of his youth beyond his possible relation to Eahlmund and the claim that he could trace his ancestry back to Cerdic (r. 519-540 CE), the founder and first king of Wessex.Thi… Egbert was possibly born in Kent, “the son of the short-lived ruler of that kingdom called Eahlmund r. 784-785 CE” (Collins,196). Clash Royale CLAN TAG #URR8PPP For the 7th century king of Kent, see Ecgberht of Kent. He was the third son of King Æthelwulf by his first wife, Osburh. Beorhtric was supported by Offa, however, who sealed a contract with Wessex by marrying his daughter Eadburh to Beorhtric; Egbert was driven into exile and fled to Francia. Æthelwulf est roi du Wessex de 839 à sa mort, le 13 janvier 858. He established his rule over Kent, Essex, Sussex, Cornwall, much of modern Wales, and set his sights on Mercia, the erstwhile though oft-contested dominant power in Britain. While every effort has been made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Our latest articles delivered to your inbox, once a week: Our mission is to engage people with cultural heritage and to improve history education worldwide. Although Wessex did not retain the kind of power it had over Mercia after c. 830 CE, Egbert could still mobilize a force and win battles as late as 838 CE, one year before his death. They were the parents of at least 1 son and 1 daughter. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle entry for that year states how “a great slaughter was made there and the Danes remained masters of the field” indicating a significant victory for the Viking raiders. Although there are also no records of any military build-up in Wessex in Egbert’s early reign, this must have been where he concentrated his efforts because, between c. 815-820 CE, he could effectively campaign in Dumnonia and in 825 CE he was able to mount an effective offense against Mercia itself. This is long enough to establish an academic consensus against the spelling, and Ecgberht is now much the most common … He maintained Mercian superiority in the region and Wessex operated as more or less his puppet kingdom. Egbert of Wessex (also spelled Ecgberht, Ecgbert or Ecgbriht; 769 or 771 – 839) was King of Wessex from 802 until his death in 839. The entry in the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles for 825 CE reads: Egbert, king of the West-Saxons, and Beornwulf, king of Mercia, fought a battle at Wilton [modern day Wiltshire], in which Egbert gained the victory, but there was great slaughter on both sides. The Vikings appear to have made a treaty with the Cornish people of Dumnonia, who had been subject to Wessex since Egbert’s campaigns in c. 815 CE. Egbert remained in exile in Francia at this time but, when Beorhtric died in 802 CE, Charlemagne seems to have supported Egbert’s bid for power and he became king of Wessex. He seems to have reasserted Wessex’s independence from Mercia but there are no records of how nor of military campaigns between the two kingdoms. 25 Jan 2021. His father was Ealhmund of Kent.In the 780s Ecgberht was forced into exile to Charlemagne's court in the Frankish Empire by Offa of Mercia and Beorhtric of Wessex, but on Beorhtric's death in 802 Ecgberht returned and took the throne. Burgred. AR Penny .Duda, moneyer. At his death, he was so powerful that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicles refer to him as Ruler of Britain, not just King of Wessex. Æþelwulf was the son of Ecgberht, King of Wessex and he came to the throne, and descended from Ine’s … He takes Athelstan into his confidence, sensing that men like his son, the devout Prince [[Aethelwulf]], and his advisor, the Bishop [[Edmund]], wo… Mark has lived in Greece and Germany and traveled through Egypt. Æthelberht ([ˈæðelbeo̯rˠxt] ; also spelled Ethelbert or Aethelberht) was the King of Wessex from 860 until his death in 865. 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