In his memoir One Last Look Around (1947, pp. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. Note signed by Tojo (June 1945), left at a camp during the Bataan Death March. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | African Dictators | info)) (December 30, 1884 – December 23, 1948) was a general of the Imperial Japanese Army (IJA), the leader of the Imperial Rule Assistance Association, and the 40th Prime Minister of Japan during most of World War II, from October 17, 1941 to July 22, 1944. To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. I do not make money nor claim to have created this video. In July of 1941, Japan invaded French Indochina (generally modern-day Vietnam, Cambodia, and Laos). Log in here for access. Hideki Tojo was born in Tokyo, Japan, on December 30th, 1884, to Lt. General Hidenori Tojo of the Japanese Imperial Army. Tōjō Hideki, (born December 30, 1884, Tokyo, Japan—died December 23, 1948, Tokyo), soldier and statesman who was prime minister of Japan (1941–44) during most of the Pacific theatre portion of World War II and who was subsequently tried and executed for war crimes. Quiz & Worksheet - Who is Judge Danforth in The Crucible? The Allies, The United States During WWII: The Home Front, The D-Day Invasion: The Beginning of the End of Nazi Germany, Hiroshima and Nagasaki: How the Atomic Bomb Changed Warfare During WWII, Alliances and Expansions During World War II, What were the Nuremberg Laws of 1935? Hideki Tojo held various positions in the Japanese military, but is best known for his actions as Prime Minister of Japan during World War II. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Tojo was tried for war crimes, found guilty and sentenced to death. Unused / unissued material - dates and locations unclear or unknown. He grew up in Tokyo, born just at the end of 1884. After the Allied takeover of Saipan in 1944, Tojo was sacked as Prime Minister. As Prime Minister, he was directly responsible for the attack on Pearl Harbor, which initiated war between Japan and the United States, although planning for it had begun before he entered office. He was an integral part of Japan’s invasion into Manchuria and advocated further expansion into the Chinese country. You can test out of the Following Japan’s and the Axis’ defeat in the World War 2, Hideki Tojo was arrested and sentenced to death for Japanese war crimes by the International Military Tribunal for the Fast East. Visit the AP World History: Tutoring Solution page to learn more. After an outstanding army career and service as War Minister, Tojo served as Prime Minister from October 1941 to July 1944 - perhaps the most critical period in his country's history. Hideki Tojo was born into a family of respect and prestige due to his father being an army officer from the former Samurai caste and his mother being the daughter of a Buddhist priest. Get access risk-free for 30 days, Published here for the first time in English is the postwar prison "diary" of Japanese General and Premier Hideki Tojo. Search Elsewhere ArchiveGrid Search DPLA Search. Maxon, Yale C. Yale C. Maxon collection on General Hideki Tojo interrogation, 1946-1947. Germany | Yet in spite of all his power grabbing, he was not able to stem the tide of defeat that engulfed him. Hideki Tojo's Prison Diary. In 1899, he entered the Army Cadet School and graduated from the Japanese Military Academy, 10th in a class of nearly 400 cadets. Services. TOKYO, Sept. 11 (UP) "I wanted to die … In 1934, he was promoted to Major General and given command of the 24th Infantry Brigade. Neville Chamberlain in WW2: Quotes, Biography & Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - The Life of Hideki Tojo, Over 83,000 lessons in all major subjects, {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}}, World War II: The Start of the Second World War, The Attack on Pearl Harbor: The Beginning of American Involvement in World War II, The European Theater in WWII: The Eastern Front, Western Front & Fight for North Africa, The Holocaust: Anti-Semitism and Genocide in Nazi Germany, The Pacific Ocean Theater of WWII: Japan vs. Related Descriptions LC Name Authority File National Archives and Records Administration Virtual International Authority File Wikidata WorldCat Identities LC Name Authority File. When his arrest was ordered in September, Tojo tried to commit suicide. Born in Tokyo on 30 December 1884, Hideki Tojo, the son of a general, was brought up in a military environment that held little regard for politicians or civilians. Find a Grave, database and images (https://www.findagrave.com: accessed ), memorial page for Hideki Tojo (30 Dec 1884–23 Dec 1948), Find a Grave Memorial no. An error occurred trying to load this video. 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